An abrasive belt is used in woodworking and metal work. The abrasive belt is often referred to as a sanding belt or sandpaper belt and is used to smooth out a rough surface finish. In many instances, the abrasive belt might be used to actually shape a piece or create a part from a larger piece of stock by grinding the piece to a desired size and shape. Typically fitted around two or more rubber wheels and driven by an electric motor, the abrasive belt is an important component in most work shops.
The abrasive belt is constructed by gluing rough abrasive particles onto a cloth or paper-likebelt in a circular configuration. The belt is constructed to give the operator a durable, long-lasting product to work with. The abrasive bits used on the surface of the belt are applied in differing sizes, which are known as grits. The larger the grit or number of grits given to a belt, the larger the abrasive bits on the belt. A higher grit rating also reflects a lesser number ofabrasive bits on the belt.