In the past, the EC countries on the import and sale of the product requirements vary, according to the standard of a country-made goods to other countries is likely not the CE certification logo city, as part of efforts to eliminate trade barriers, CE certification and should be shipped students. Therefore, CE certification on behalf of European unification (CONFORMITE EUROPEENNE).
Meaning CE certification mark: CE certification acronyms used symbols that CE certification mark products meet the main requirements (Essential Requirements) on the European Directive, and to confirm that the product has passed the appropriate conformity assessment procedures and / or the manufacturer's declaration of conformity, and truly become the products were allowed to enter the European market permits. For instructions to affix the CE mark certification of industrial products, there is no CE mark may not be listed for sale, the CE mark has been affixed to enter market products that do not meet safety requirements, should be ordered to withdraw from the market, continuing violation of Directive CE certification mark regulations, they will be restricted or prohibited from entering the EU market or be forced out of the market.
Currently, involving all sectors of electromagnetic radiation has become following the air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution is another major pollution, along with updates and new applications of different bands technological revolution, many frequencies of electromagnetic radiation exposure levels were significantly increased Although different countries have different views on the health hazards caused by electromagnetic radiation, but its harm to the public is a common recognition of the World Health Organization (WHO) established the International Electromagnetic radiation in 1996 (EMF) plan, put forward Ultra-low frequency (ELF), intermediate frequency (IF) and radio frequency (RF) electromagnetic fields (0Hz-300GHz) static electromagnetic fields on human health in the EU Council recommended that July 12, 1999 in (1999/519 / EC) in recommends that the public exposure limits for electromagnetic fields. and May 2003 European Electric Standards Committee (CENELEC) announced a new technical standard EN50366. The standard specification of the measurement and evaluation methods of electromagnetic fields produced by household appliances. April 29, 2004 , OJEU formal requirements listed in EN50366, and therefore the standard has become home appliances and other products LVD (Low Voltage Directive) one certified project. EMF is different from EMC, EMF is to ensure the safety of the purpose is to study the electronic products emit electric field, magnetic field noise on the human body. EMC is mainly to protect the normal operation of the electronic products for the purpose of electronic products, in order to study the effects of noise emitted from other electronic products, or not affected by other electronic products.
RoHS is a mandatory standard developed by the EU legislation, its full name is (on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment Directive) (Restriction of Hazardous Substances).
From January 3, 2013 Directive 2002/95 / EC will be repealed, the allies must be on January 2, 2013 the Directive 2011/65 / EU updates to local laws 2011/65 / EU main contents are summarized as follows: 1. The product range illustrates instruction control scope and related definitions, will expand control product range to all electrical and electronic equipment except for special exemptions: - includes 2002/95 / EC exemption under section 8 products medical equipment, 9th class products monitoring equipment; - Class 11 products: all other electrical and electronic equipment not covered by 1 to 10 categories of products, including cables and other components 2. The restricted substances did not increase despite new restrictions on substances, but selected four kinds of toxic hazardous substances (HBCDD; DEHP; DBP and BBP).. As a candidate for restricted substances 3. CE mark requirements for electrical and electronic equipment will be incorporated into the CE mark of conformity ROHS requiring producers posted the CE marking should be to ensure that products meet ROHS and prepare the appropriate statements and technical documentation. The transitional provisions for the inclusion of the new ROHS 2.0 control products manufacturers have sufficient time to meet the requirements of the Directive, ROHS 2.0 set for the relevant product control transition period.
FCC Certification Overview
FCC (Federal Communications Commission, the US Federal Communications Commission) is an independent US government agency, directly responsible to Congress. Technical support FCC's engineering department is responsible for the Commission, and equipment accreditation matters. According to the US Federal Communications Regulations (CFR 47 section), where the electronic products into the United States need to be EMC certification (except for some of the relevant provisions of the special provisions of the product), called FCC certification.
FCC certification of the more common three ways: Certification, DoC, Verification of these three ways of product certification procedures are quite different, different products can choose the authentication methods are relevant provisions in the FCC of its stringent certification. the degree of decline. For these three certification, FCC Commission is also related to the laboratory requirements.
FCC to develop regulations designed to reduce electromagnetic interference, the normal operating range of radio frequency management and control, protection of telecommunication networks, electrical products, electromagnetic interference and radiated interference into conduction. Conduction disturbances propagate through the power line frequency of 30MHz or less, mainly interfere with the audio band. If electrical products are metal shell for shielding, the main impact of conducted interference Conducted interference is a measure of the size of many appliances (such as computer power) important standard quality. We may have this experience in their daily work, in When the computer is turned on, its nearby electrical appliances such as televisions, stereos, etc. is not working, this is the impact of conducted interference generated. An example of radiated interference, the phone is in use, close to the computer screen will be significant jitter, telephones in You can hear the noise signal sound.
FCC (Federal Communications Commission) is an independent government agency; directly responsible to Congress; established in 1934 by the COMMUNICATION ACT; it is responsible for regular interstate; international communications; such as: TV, cable, satellite, cable aspects of the work , involving more than 50 US states, Colombia and the United States belongs to the region, to ensure the safety of life and property-related radio and wire communications product.
FCC Commission to investigate and study the various stages of product safety in order to find the best way to solve the problem, but FCC also include radios, aircraft testing and so on.
FCC by controlling the radio, television, telecommunications, satellite and cable to coordinate domestic and international communications involving more than 50 US states, Colombia and the United States belongs to the region, to ensure the safety of life and property-related radio and wire communications products, FCC's engineering technology department (Office of Engineering and Technology) is responsible for technical support of the Committee, also responsible for equipment accreditation matters. Many wireless applications, communications products and digital products to enter the US market, require FCC approval. FCC Investigation Committee and the various stages of product safety research in order to find the best way to solve the problem, but FCC also include radios, aircraft testing and so on.